Monday, May 11, 2015
READING “ARCHITECTURE AND UTOPIA”
The relationship between the historical avant-garde movements and the metropolis, the relationships between intellectual work and capitalist development, research on sociology and planning practices, on social-democrat administration of the city , on architecture of America cities and on building cycle, have been the object of collaborative program to have arrived at any firm and dogmatic conclusions.
What is of interest here is the precise identification of those tasks which capitalist development has taken away for architecture.
To the deceptive attempts to give architecture an ideological dress
Instrument of knowledge might be immediately useful to the political struggle.
2: Reason’s Adventure
The bourgeois intellectual’s obligation to exist can be seen in the imperativeness his functions assumes as a social mission.
10: Reason’s Adventure
Not having at its disposal a mature substratum of production techniques adequate to the new conditions of bourgeois ideology and economic liberalism, architecture was obliged to restrict its self –criticism to two areas of ANTI-EUROPEAN SIGNIFICANCE & FORMAL ROLE
41: Form as Regressive Utopia
City as an autonomous field of architectural intervention.
Enlightenment architecture from the very beginning postulated one of the concepts fundamental to the development of contemporary art: the disarticulation of form and the anti-organic quality of structure. Nor is it without significance that the institutions of these new formal qualities was from the first related to the problem of city, which was about to become the institutional locus of modern bourgeois society.
The solicitations of theorists for a revision of formal principles did not however, lead to areal revolution of the meaning but, rather, to an acute crisis of value.
158: Architecture and its Double: Semiology and Formalism.
The attempt to revitalize architecture by means of an exploration of its internal structures comes about just at the moment when avant-garde studies in the linguistic field are abandoning “ambiguous” communications and taking their place in the heart of the productive universe through the creation of artificial programming of languages.
Architectural self-criticism does not go to the root of the matter and has need to hide behind new ideological schemes borrowed from the semiological approach.
An architecture that has accepted the reduction of its own elements to pure signs, and the construction of its own structure as an ensemble of tautological relationships that refer to themselves in a maximum of “negative entropy”
182: Problems in the Form of a Conclusion
Reflection on architecture, inasmuch as it is a criticism of the concrete “realized” ideology of architecture itself, cannot but go beyond this and arrive at a specifically political dimensions.
abstract from book" Architecture and Utopia", Manfredo Tafuri
Thursday, May 7, 2015
The graduating seventh batch thesis defense oscillated through various thoughts on urbanism. The range and responses are becoming wider and far open ended than predecessor. The idea of conservation is challenged with its limited framework and attempting it to be far more democratic in value appreciation. The queries were raised if conservation value system needs to acknowledge the static and dynamics of social imperatives. The conflict of old and new cities are inherent in Indian context and perhaps needs alternate framework and imaginations and such efforts and ideas are visibly percolating through the second tier city representatives. In conjunction with old and new urbanism the core issues of livelihood and heritage/ tradition remains central in recent research projects. Perhaps time will tell the depth of such investigation and its impact.
The ecology of waste and ecology of environmental systems are another set of research that has emerged over the period of five years and attempting to address the balance of preservation with development. It attempts to break the attitude towards urbanism that is constantly with the mindset of development, ignoring the valuable systems.
The notion of public and private or densities and amenities are an attempt to discuss the idea of “right to the cities”. The research is configured around the physical attributes of urban form, users, ownerships along with time and natural surveillance to such amenities. The research seems to reconfigure the incidental/ evolved urbanism with projected urbanism. These are apparetn issues/reality with most of the historic cities across the nation.
The spatial configuration, sense of place or identity is attempting to overcome the system analysis of urbanism by regulated bodies with spatial analysis. The research perhaps needs to address the issues of interpersonal competencies along with various social transactions. The distinction between public realm (spatial condition for transaction or interface) and public space (physical condition for pause) is still blurred but closely scanning the tactical responses on time scale.
The research needs to get further sharpen in key areas of Inquiry, Methodology & Representation. If distinction among data, information & knowledge is articulated somewhere in the process than impact of research and demonstration can have embeddedness with wider reaching consequences.
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